WHAT TO DISCOVER WHEN BEING IN PERAK:
- Kellie’s Castle
- Tanjung Tualang Tin Dredge Ship and Heritage Museum
- The Lost World of Tambun
- Ipoh Heritage Trail
From Railway Station to The Birch Memorial Clock Tower
- Lenggong Archaelogical Gallery
- Kuala Kangsar Heritage Trail
From Istana Iskandariah to Galeri Sultan Azlan Shah
- Lunch at Ayam Penyet AP at Mydin Meru Raya Hypermarket
Introducing the Latest Product of Touch ‘N’ Go: MyPass
- Heritage House “Muzium Gopeng”
- Kinta Tin Mining (Gravel Pump) Museum
LENGGONG ARCHEOLOGICAL GALLERY
The Lenggong Valley in Ulu Perak is situated in Kuala Kangsar some 100 kilometres north of Ipoh. It is one of country’s most important archaeological sites as it is recorded as the oldest place to contain human activity in Peninsular Malaysia. Besides the archeological site, Lenggong is also famous for its archaeological museum and is home to pre-historic skeletons, cave drawings and precious finds such as jewellery, pottery, weapon and tools that are made out of stone. With such history, no wonder it receives recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Getting the World Heritage site recognition was a challenging task because it requires investment in terms of money, time and energy on the part of the country applying for the site to be part of the World Heritage List. UNESCO World Heritage Site is a programme that catalogues, names and conserves a place or site (may it be forest, mountain, lake, island, desert, monument, building, complex or city) that is culturally special and outstanding, physically significant significance and naturally important to humanity’s common heritage and civilisation.
Visitors to the Lenggong Archeological Gallery are encouraged to watch the video documentary about the steps the government took to apply for the UNESCO World Heritage Site certification, which was insurmountable and almost impossible. After persevering for three years, Lenggong Valley was finally declared as World Heritage Site in May 2012.
The Lenggong Archaeological Museum – formerly as the Kota Tampan Archaeological Museum when it was opened in 2003 but now changed into its current name in 2012 – exhibits artefacts that were excavated from the Kota Tampan area and later on in 2012. The most famous archaeological figure or icon of Malaysia, the Perak Man, which is the only complete human skeleton found in 1991 by Dato’ Prof. Zuraina Majid (the person who led a group of researchers from the Department of Museum and Antiquities of Universiti Sains Malaysia). This important discovery took place in a cave called Gua Gunung Runtuh, situated in Bukit Kepala Gajah in the Lenggong Valley. The skeleton has been carbon dated to be between 10,000 to 11,000 years old, thus categorised as a Stone Age man from the Palaeolithic Era. He was 157 cm tall and lived up to 30 or 45 years old.
Bukit Bunuh, also located in the Lenggong Valley but not an archaeological site, is instead a meteor impact site that was discovered in 2000. Though this Palaeolithic site was initially dated to be around 40,000 years old, according to Prof. Zuraina Majid, the area is said to be actually more than 1.86 million years old and considered to be the oldest Palaeolithic site in South East Asia.
Interesting enoughly, Lenggong Archaeological Gallery offers packages to travellers who would like to visit the archaeological sites. Besides Gua Gunung Runtuh and Bukit Bunuh, there are several other sites that travellers can discover within the Lenggong Valley such as Gua Harimau, Gua Bunuh, Gua Kelawar, Kota Tampan and Kampung Temelong. Lenggong Archaeological Museum opens daily from 9:00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m., while on Fridays from 9:00 a.m. until 12.15 p.m. and reopened from 2:45 p.m. until 5:00 p.m.
- Study has shown that the Perak Man might be handicapped and a significant member in his society since he was buried in a foetal position accompanied by stone tools, food and jewellery.
- In 2004, Perak Woman was discovered in Gua Telok Kelawar, Lenggong and was dated to be around 8,000 years old. Both skeletons of Perak Man and Perak Woman have been housed in Muzium Negara (the National Museum). In September 2013, the bones were returned to Lenggong Valley.
GALERI ARKEOLOGI LENGGONG
Address: Jabatan Muzium dan Antikuiti
33400 Lenggong Perak
Tel: +6 05 767 9700
Latitude: 05°16.6173’ Longitude : 100°99.298’